Driscoll Model of Reflection: Important Stages with Meaning and Significance

Reflection is one of the most important skills in individual and organizational development approaches. Especially in modern professions like health care, teaching, and social professions. Another approach to the newly emerging concept of structure reflection is the Driscoll Model of Reflection. Developed by Driscoll in 1994, this model simplifies the reflective process into three key questions: “What?” “So what?” and “Now what?” are questions that challenge the status quo and push learning beyond the identification of facts, and certainty.

Stage 1: What?

Meaning: While, in the “What?” stage. This step revolves around the process of addressing the report by stating facts that might have occurred neutrally and exhaustively. That is the basis and background knowledge used in the subsequent stages of research and analysis.

Significance: The thing you’re doing in the ‘What?’ stage is to get the idea of the event fresh and without prejudice.  This stage typically involves answering questions like:

What happened?

What change did I make to navigate to this website?

Who was involved?

What was the outcome?

Their answers provide a clear structure of the incident. This is crucial for reflection since it builds a coherent and rich picture of the event.

Stage 2: So What?

Meaning: Another stage “So What?” only and reflects the participants’ consideration of the relevance of the experience. He or she must approach it analytically and reflect to come up with an understanding of its real essence.

Significance: Analyzing the “So What?” stage. The analytical stage is the third stage and goes a bit deeper than the previous two stages. Since it involves the identification of implications or outcomes of the situations. Key questions to consider include: Key questions to consider include:

What were the reasons leading to the occurrence of such events to happen in that particular manner?

What are the implications of the behavior displayed in the narration?

The given experience made me feel challenged, thanks to the complexity of the puzzles that the game presented to me.

I have drawn several lessons from this experience, but the most important of them are the following.

In what way: does or does not the present experience fit in with my previous knowledge or other experiences?

These questions help to find out whether it is possible to notice patterns that can be helpful in different situations, to define strengths and weaknesses. And to get a greater picture of the whole experience. The real value of this stage is in assisting an event to become one of learning: a positive and constructive experience.

Stage 3: Now What?

Meaning: The last phase of reflection is the result of the whole task scenario, which questions: “Now what?”: Here, it is important to determine how the insights that have been reflected upon are to be implemented in any way necessary. This phase aims at the process of evolution, reflection of how practices can be improved in the future. And creating suitable plans for future improvements.

Significance: The final stage of reflection is known as the “Now What?” phase and helps to translate reflection into development. It also guarantees that the reflective process pays a tangible price that produces improvement. This stage involves questions such as:

Looking towards the future, what preventive measures are possible for me to take so that a similar situation does not reoccur?

How could I still do it the same way as what I have been learning?

To expand specific components of my practice, the following tips will be adopted:

Who or what do I need to support or involve to facilitate the achievement of these changes?

By answering these questions, you can derive effective practical strategies on how you will be able to deal with. Or rectify the insight that you have singled out in the reflection process. This stage assists you in creating objectives that will enable you to focus on accomplishing better results, identifying the methods you will employ to achieve such results. And assists you in embracing the process of learning as a lifelong process.

The following are the Advantages of Using the Driscoll Model

The Driscoll Model of Reflection offers several benefits:

Structured Reflection: In this way, the model is beneficial because it allows for the structuring of reflection. Thus it is easier to identify experiences and enable the possibility for deeper understanding.

Enhanced Learning: There is something good in gaining insight from these particular experiences. Especially in such a way that one would be able to develop aspects that concern the future actions. Also you get the best guidance and learnings through online platforms like Australian Nursing Essay Writing Services which helps and guides the best.

Increased Self-Awareness: Evaluation of the happenings can lead to improved insight, as people get to learn the kind of skills they possess, the kinds of challenges they are likely to face, or even the reactions that may surface when faced with certain circumstances.

Professional Development: Lifelong learning, critical thinking, problem-solving, and approaches to learning are espoused in the Driscoll Model to enhance continued professional practice.


It is for this reason that the Driscoll Model of Reflection can be very instrumental in enhancing a person’s growth in both personal and professional lives. As the writer shows people how to go through the process of describing, analyzing, and planning, it will enable them to make meaningful sense of their experiences and take necessary action to enhance their practice in the future. Used in hospitals, schools, social services, or anywhere, the Driscoll Model can improve the concept of reflection with the result of a more professional job and improvement. This structured way on how to conduct a reflection can fully develop your reflection experience and enable you to achieve your personal and career goals.

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